Climate change, climate variability and adaptation options in smallholder cropping systems of the Sudano - Sahel region in West Africa

Submitted by marcel.lubbers on Tue, 07/08/2014 - 15:17
General
Keywords
crop production, maize, millet, sorghum, cotton, fertilizer, rainfall, temperature, APSIM, Mali
Author
Bouba Traore
Promotor
Prof. dr. K.E. Giller
Co-promotors
Dr. M.T. van Wijk, Dr. M. Corbeels
Date
Country
Mali
Abstract

In the Sudano-Sahelian zone of West Africa (SSWA) agricultural production remains the

main source of livelihood for rural communities, providing employment to more than 60

percent of the population and contributing to about 30% of gross domestic product.

Smallholder agricultural production is dominated by rain-fed production of millet, sorghum

and maize for food consumption and of cotton for the market. Farmers experience low and

variable yields resulting in increasing uncertainty about the ability to produce the food needed

for their families. Major factors contributing to such uncertainty and low productivity are

climate variability, climate change and poor agricultural management. The objective of this

thesis was to evaluate through experimentation, modelling and participatory approaches the

real and perceived characteristics of climate variability and change and their effects on crop

production in order to identify opportunities for enhancing the adaptive capacity of farmers in

the Sudano - Sahelian zone.

Address
Mali